This page is dedicated to teaching you some simple basics of the
Internet. This knowledge is essential to using this site. I have done nothing other than
list words and definitions that will be needed on this site. The list is arranged so that
you can read straight down the list and understand each term and it's meaning.
- A series of workstations connected to a server. Each workstation has access to the files
on the server.
- A computer connected to the network for the purpose of accessing files and running
programs stored on the server.
- A computer that stores files and programs to be accessed by workstations. In the case of
a web server, used to store web pages and FTP archives for access across the Internet.
- A network of networks. The Internet links all the servers connected to the Internet
together to form one huge network. Any computer that has Internet access, is essentially a
workstation to every server connected to the 'Net, and can access all files (given that
these files are allowed to be viewed over the 'Net) on any server in the world. In order
to do so, many Internet programs ask for a server. This is where you type in the name of
the network server that you wish to access files on. Example, if you wanted to access
files on the Microsoft web server, you would type http://www.microsoft.com. If you wanted
to access files on the Geocities server, you would type http://www.geocities.com. Internet
is supposed to be capitalized. Also known as "The 'Net" (capitol N).
- A language that computers use to communicate. As different people use different
languages to communicate (English, Spanish, French, etc) computers use protocols to
communicate. The most common protocols used on the Internet are HTTP (HyperText Transfer
Protocol), FTP (File Transfer Protocol), e-mail, Usenet Newsgroups, etc. These are all
ways to share and exchange information over the Internet.
- HyperText Transfer Protocol. The protocol used to exchange information in the form of
web pages. You are viewing a web page using HTTP right now. The sum of all the servers using
HTTP is called "The Web".
- File Transfer Protocol. Used to transfer any type of file across the Internet. The
contents of the file cannot be viewed until downloaded and then accessed.
- To copy files from a remote computer or server to your own computer using the phone
lines and a modem.
- web server
- A network server dedicated to serving computers web pages over the Internet.
Web servers make use exclusively of HTTP.
- A collection of documents for viewing over the Internet using HTTP. Synonyms: homepage,
homestead, web page, etc. These all refer to the same thing. A web page is not limited to
one page, or document, per say. I consider this "site" to be called
"Gilpo's How To Make Links". This page that you are viewing now is called
"Internet Basics". This one document of my entire site. In Geocities you can
have as many pages in your site as you want, but you can only have one site in Geocities.
- To transfer files from your computer to another computer via the phone lines and a
- A device used to connect to the Internet via the phone lines. Your modem must first dial
an ISP or online service to connect to the Internet.
- Internet Service Provider. A company that, for a fee, allows you access to the Internet.
Examples: IQuest, IBM Global Network, Netcom, Spry Net, etc.
- online service
- A company that not only provides Internet access, but also includes content of it's own,
only accessible to members. Examples: America Online (AOL), Prodigy, CompuServe, Microsoft
Network, Web TV.
- 1. Another name for a computer accessing files from a server. You are currently the
client to www.geocities.com since you are accessing files from this server. 2. The
software that's used to make use of an Internet Protocol. You are currently making use of
the HTTP protocol to view this site. Therefore the program you are using is an HTTP
client, also known as a Web Browser. If your program makes use of the FTP protocol, then
you are using an FTP client. One such program is WS_FTP.
- web browser
- Any program that makes use of the HTTP protocol and lets you view web pages. Also known
just as a "browser". Most current browsers will also make use of FTP and Usenet
as well as HTTP. Examples: Microsoft Internet Explorer, Netscape Navigator, NCSA Mosaic.
- The stuff web pages are made out of. It is a special programming language to tell a
browser how to display web pages. Using HTML "tags", you can tell the browser how
big you want things, make links, etc.
- A graphic image stored on a computer. Synonyms: picture, graphic. There are many
different "formats" images can come in. Because images take a lot of computer
disk space, they need to be compressed. The various image types are basically different
compression types as well. Also, the image types refer to the kind of data that is stored
with and about the image. Types include Bitmap (.bmp), Graphics Interchange Format (.gif),
and Joint Photographic Experts Group (.jpg or .jpeg). These three types are the formats
used most commonly for web pages. Other formats not used on the web include Encapsulated
PostScript (.eps) and Tagged-Image File format (.tif). Note:
No one really knows how GIF is supposed to be pronounced. Some pronounce it with a soft
"G" as in "gift" or "Gilpo". Others say it with a soft
"G" or "J" sound as in "Gillian" or like "Jiffy".
JPEG is pronounced Jay-Peg.
- Pronounced: cash. When you access a web page, for the files to be viewed, they must be
downloaded to your computer as you cannot directly view files over the Internet. These
downloaded files are stored in a special folder on your computer called "cache".
These files are deleted after the folder gets too big. The folder is called
"cache" for Netscape Users and "Temporary Internet Files" for Internet
- A programming language created by Sun Microsystems. It is a variation of C++.
Programmers use Java to create Java Applets which can be incorporated into
- ActiveX Controls (similar to Java's Applets) can be written in C++ or Visual Basic. The
controls are then incorporated into webpages.
Don't confuse them. Java was created by Sun Microsystems,
based on Visual Basic and is somewhat similar. It was created by Microsoft.
- Uniform Resource Locator. The address of a website on the Internet. These are all
examples of URL's: www.geocities.com, http://www.microsoft.com, and
http://www.geocities.com/~gilpo/. The URL has several parts. The http:// is the protocol
identifier which states what protocol is being used. www.geocities is the hostname or
domain name of the server. .com is called the Top Level Domain (TLD) which identifies what
type of site it is.. Com=Commercial, net=Internet Service Provider, mil=Military
Organization, org=Organization, gov=Government Agency. If the site is located in another
country other than the United States, a 2 letter country identifier is added to the end of
the address. au=Australia, uk=United Kingdom, no=Norway, fr=France, de=Germany, etc.
- Top Level Domain (TLD)
- These are used to identify a site by a particular category and also to identify sites
located outside the United States. Here is a list of the current TLD's.
||for Internet Service providers
||for educational institutes
||for organizations that don't fit into the other categories
||for govermental agencies
||for military institutions
||for organizations established by international treaties or international databases
Seven new TLD's have been proposed and have yet to see the light of
day. Look for them sometime in the future. These are:
||for businesses, or firms
||for businesses offering goods to purchase
||for entities emphasizing activities related to the World Wide Web
||for entities emphasizing cultural and entertainment activities
||for entities emphasizing recreation/entertainment activities
||for entities providing information services
||for those wishing individual or personal nomenclature, i.e., a personal nom de plume
No doubt you've seen sites ending in other things like .au or .uk. These are foreign
sites. Australia is .au and the United Kingdom is .uk. For a complete list of all the
county codes, click
- The directory(-ies) following the root. For example, in the URL
http://www.geocities.com/SiliconValley/6763/index.html, the root is www.geocities.com. The
path is /SiliconValley/6763/. The file index.html is located in the /6763/ directory which
is located in /SiliconValley/.
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without the expressed written consent of Gilpo. All information contained herein
is deemed to be accurate but is not warranted.